Wood ProcessingOver 50% of Kosovo's land mass is covered by forest, representing an area of approximately 465,000 hectares.
Broadleaved forests created through natural regeneration cover more than 90% of the forest area. Kosovo has a long wood processing tradition and its soils are generally nutrient-rich providing a very good growth medium for natural plants and trees.
The varied elevations, climatic influences and soils within Kosovo provide a wide variety of micro-habitats to which plant and tree species are adapted. The total standing volume on public forest land is estimated at about 33.5 million m3 while that on private land is estimated at about 19.5 million m3. Approximately 50% of the total forest area is located at elevations lower than 1,000 metres.
The wood processing sector in Kosovo has largely based its production on domestic raw materials. The industry comprises some 1,480 firms, mainly small companies whose main activity is sawn wood production, followed by window and door production. The existence of a relatively large number of sawmills is the result of the availability of raw materials and a low level of start-up capital required.
Kosovo has a long tradition of producing very high quality wooden windows and doors. The vast majority of wood processing and furniture production companies are privately owned with, to date, little use of foreign capital. A number of medium-sized companies account for the bulk of Kosovo's furniture exports.
The annual value of wooden products and other benefits arising from forests reaches 50 75 million Euro, this sector assures a livelihood for 10 percent of the Kosovar population.
Due to the sufficient availability of inputs, Kosovo offers great investment possibilities in every single wood processing cycle. The annual allowable amount of felling is currently slightly below 1 million m³ with Beech and Oak being the main species.