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Mining and Energy in Kosovo

Kosovo has an enviable endowment of natural resources. At 14.7 million tons, Kosovo possesses the world’s fifth-largest proven reserves of lignite. This mineral is of outstanding importance for the country, representing in the long term one of the most crucial factors for the generation of power. Furthermore, at an exploitation cost of 1.1 Euro/GJ of energy, Kosovo’s coal definitely represents the best value for money in the region.

Kosovo has an enviable endowment of natural resources. At 14.7 million tons, Kosovo possesses the world’s fifth-largest proven reserves of lignite. This mineral is of outstanding importance for the country, representing in the long term one of the most crucial factors for the generation of power. Furthermore, at an exploitation cost of 1.1 Euro/GJ of energy, Kosovo’s coal definitely represents the best value for money in the region.

Taking into consideration the high market demand for energy in the region, the Government of Kosovo is currently developing major projects regarding new lignite exploitation and power generation facilities. These projects offer unique opportunities for companies willing to engage in the energy or mining sectors in the region.


Below are shown some basic facts about Mining sector in Kosovo.

What are the total estimated coal (lignite) reserves in all of Kosovo?


According to the study on “Assessing and exploring geological coal reserves in Kosovo”, implemented by “Inkos” Institute in 2007, lignite coal reserves are:

Reserves in (t):

Balanced10,892,888,000
Non-balanced1,319,000,000
Total12,442,461,000

Where are the locations of coal reserves in Kosovo?

Most significant coal basins are:

  • Kosovo Basin (located in the central part of the Republic of Kosovo) ;
  • Dukagjini Basin (located almost on the center of the Dukagjini Plain); and
  • Drenica Basin (located between the Kosovo Basin and the Dukagjini Basin in the west).

What is the most important energy resource in Kosovo?

Coal is the most significant energy resource of Kosovo, supplying around 97% of the total energy generation in the country.

What zones are declared as zones of special interest?

According to the Decision No. 03/9 dated 27.02.2008 of the Government of Kosovo, initially, nine zones of special interest were declared (Decision No. 1071 dated 02.07.2008), whereas the Decision No. 125 of 26.01.2009 extended the number of zones two new zones were included, comprising a total of 11 zones of special interest, which are listed below:

  • Geological exploration zone – location Karaqë;
  • Geological exploration zone – location  Vllahi-Zjaçë;
  • Geological exploration zone - location Bushinc-Bolevc;
  • Geological exploration zone – location Zhegovc;
  • Explored geophysical and geochemical area –Bresalc;
  • Geological exploration zone –Golesh;
  • Nickel Exploration Zone – Baks;
  • Iron – Nickel Exploration – Tërstenik;
  • Geological exploration zone  -Debellde;
  • Geological exploration zone – location Gumnishtë;
  • Geological exploration zone – location Deva;

What types of RES are available for Kosovo?

Republic of Kosovo has a significant potential of RES, including: hydro energy, wind energy, solar energy, biomass, thermal energy, etc.

Are there any studies on hydro potentials in Kosovo, and what is the energy generation capacity from hydro resources, through small hydropower plants?

Studies /feasibility projects:

Hydropower potential for HPPs was assessed in studies in 2006, 2009, and 2010. Total estimated capacity from smaller hydropower plants is 128MW

Is there any Action Plan on Renewable Energy Sources (APRES), and what the RES target in total energy consumption is?

Kosovo has a Draft Action Plan on Renewable Energy Sources (APRES), submitted to the Energy Community Treaty in Vienna. This plan is expected to be finalized by end 2012.

This plan will also include RES targets – which are expected to be fulfilled by 2020.

Does Kosovo have an Energy Efficiency plan and what is its target?

Kosovo has an Energy Efficiency Action Plan for the period 2010 -2018, with a target of 9%

Which sectors are involved in the National EE Plan implementation?

Sectors addressed in the National EE Plan are

  • transport,
  • households,
  • agriculture,
  • industry, and Services:

Does Kosovo have an Energy Efficiency fund?

Kosovo has no Energy Efficiency Fund.

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